A.O.I. ITALIAN EAST AFRICA

On 1 June 1936, Italy promulgated a new constitution bringing Ethiopia, Eritrea and Italian Somaliland together into a single administrative unit. The newly formed Viceroyalty of Italian East Africa (AFRICA ORIENTALE ITALIANA, or A.O.I.) was divided into six provinces ruled by Marshal Rodolfo Graziani. During the winter months Germany, Austria, Hungary, Japan and Switzerland gave official recognition to the Italian conquest of the Horn of Africa. Understandably enough the Ethiopians became restless and after a failed assassination attempt against Graziani some 30,000 persons were executed. This harsh policy made things worse and on 10 November 1937, the Duke of Aosta, a playboy of the Italian nobility, replaced Graziani as Viceroy with instructions to implement an appeasement policy. In 1938 Great Britain and France gave recognition to the Italian colonial expansion. On 7 February 1938, Italian East Africa issued its definitive and airmail stamps; the pictorial series included twenty definitive stamps, eleven air mail values and two air speed/special delivery stamps. Among the great variety of subjects depicted on this series, most collectors will recognize the head of Mussolini carved (a-la-Mount Rushmore) on Mount Amba Aradam on the 50c, Lire 1,50 and Lire 10 denominations of the airmail set. With the exception of the unissued 1941 Rome-Berlin Axis stamps, this is the only colonial stamp design depicting Mussolini. It is quite ironic that this monumental disfiguration of the natural landscape was perpetrated in the vicinity of Aduwa where the Italians had suffered a devastating defeat in 1896. On 10 June 1940, as Italy entered World War II on the side of Germany, Britain and Selassie sought to cooperate with Ethiopian forces in an effort to dislodge the Italians from the Horn of Africa. The use of stamps for political propaganda was one of the items at the top of the agenda of the Berlin-Rome Axis. One of the biggest blunders in philatelic history occurred in 1940 when Rome decided to issue eight stamps for Italian East Africa depicting the conjoined profiles of Mussolini and Hitler. For the air mail 1 Lira denomination the designer found it difficult to fit all the inscriptions in Italian, Arab and Amharic and placed the value tablet in such a way that the stamp became a colossal joke: “Two Peoples - One War - One Lira - Two Dictators”. The pun was immediately spotted by the authorities and a new design placing the value tablet in Italian currency at the bottom left was approved. Due to the Italian debacle in East Africa these stamps were never issued, but eventually found their way to the market. British strategy aimed at preventing Italian forces from spreading to neighbouring areas was largely successful and further pressure resulted in the collapse of Italian Somaliland in March 1941. On 5 May 1941, Haile Selassie returned to Addis Ababa; and on 18 May the Duke of Aosta surrendered to General Platt at Amba Alagi. By November, most of the remaining Italian troops cut off near Gonder, surrendered to Anglo-Ethiopian forces. [By Giorgio Migliavacca – copyright]

There are 25 items in this category

1938 7.1/2 cent USED FINE
Country: A.O.I. ITALIAN EAST AFRICA
Condition: 1938 7.1/2 cent USED FINE
Description: SASSONE 6 EUROS
Price: $2.35
Item Id #011791    See Details...
LA POSTA MILITARE CON L’AFRICA ORIENTALE
Country: ITALIAN EAST AFRICA
Condition: LA POSTA MILITARE CON L’AFRICA ORIENTALE
Description: Typology of the various postmarks * Censor Marks * Accessorial & Instructional markings used by most FPOs * Air Mail delivery and routes * Checklist of the FPOs and Units they served * Use of postage free forces postal stationery and its discontinuation * FPOs opening dates and closing dates * Italian East Africa Civilian Post Offices as of 1 January 1938 * FPOs Basic Check List and Evaluations * Italian East Africa—A Chronology, 1888-1952. THIS IS A MUST HAVE bibliophile publication. 36 pages - 28 centimeters high - many illustrations - highly recommended - limited edition reprint of 75 copies, many already sold to subscribers - ************ PREFAZIONE ALLA RISTAMPA Questo progetto editoriale si propone di offrire al collezionista di poste militari l’occasione per rivisitare una serie di articoli di Virgilio Lunardon sulla campagna nell’Africa Orientale del 1936- 1937 pubblicati dalla gloriosa Rivista Filatelica d’Italia mentre la campagna era in corso. Senza alcun dubbio gli articoli hanno tutti i pregi dell’attualità storico postale dell’epoca e, rileggendoli, ci si rende subito conto che dopo 70 anni le notizie tecniche contenute sono ancora valide e restano un punto di riferimento di grande rilievo. Inoltre, ho ritenuto opportuno pubblicare un elenco di tutti gli annulli noti utilizzando i dati pubblicati nella pregevolissima antologia sulle poste militari in Africa stilata dai membri dell’Associazione Italiana Collezionisti Posta Militare, aggiungendovi le quotazioni aggiornate usando come base le aste AICPM, i listini di vendita di commercianti e vari cataloghi d’asta. Al fine di rendere fruibile il volume anche per i lettori che non parlano l’italiano, è stata inserita la cronologia dell’AOI dal 1888 and 1952 oltre che note, appunti e didascalie in inglese, intercalate nei punti opportuni. Nel riproporre gli scritti di Lunardon spero di aver fatto cosa gradita ai collezionisti e mi auguro che questa pubblicazione possa contribuire ad un maggiore sviluppo del settore. Giorgio Migliavacca ***************** PREFACE TO THE 2007 REPRINT This reprint gives the opportunity to the increasing number of military mail collectors to re-visit a very interesting series of articles on the 1936-7 campaign in East Africa written by Virgilio Lunardon, and published by the renowned Rivista Filatelica d’Italia while the campaign was still in progress. In fact, Lunardon’s articles have all the qualities of eyewitness news reports of postal history in the making. The reader will also realise that although 70 years have elapsed since their publication, these articles hold their ground and remain required reading for both the novice and the specialist. A checklist of all known FPO postmarks has been added; it is largely based on the research presented in the splendid volume on Italian FPOs in Africa published by AICPM (the Italian Society of Military Mail Collectors) about 30 years ago. Additionally, the checklist gives the market value for each postmark based on recent AICPM auctions, public auctions, and dealers price lists. Captions and annotations in English have been inserted where appropriate to disseminate the information on an international scale. Similarly a chronology of Italian East Africa covering the events, both historical and philatelic, between 1888 and 1952, has been added. I sincerely hope that the publication of this reprint will increase the number of collectors of this most interesting chapter of Italian and East African postal history. --- Giorgio Migliavacca
Price: $39.00
Item Id #010271    See Details...
A.O.I. ITALIAN EAST AFRICA AIR MAIL 25 LIRE FINE USED SASSONE A 11 30 EUROS
Country: ITALIAN EAST AFRICA A.O.I.
Condition: 25 LIRE AIRMAIL USED SASS A 11
Description: A.O.I. ITALIAN EAST AFRICA AIR MAIL 25 LIRE FINE USED SASSONE A 11 30 EUROS
Price: $11.00
Item Id #000593    See Details...
A.O.I. ITALIAN EAST AFRICA 20c MINT BLOCK OF 4 OVERPRINTED A.O.I.
Country: A.O.I.
Condition: A.O.I. 20c BLOCK OF 4 MINT
Description: A.O.I. ITALIAN EAST AFRICA 20c MINT BLOCK OF 4 OVERPRINTED A.O.I. - FRESH COLOR VERY FINE - UNUSUAL MULTIPLE
Price: $10.00
Item Id #000595    See Details...
1938 DEFINITIVE 20 values MINT HINGED NICE SET
Country: A.O.I. ITALIAN EAST AFRICA
Catalog #: Sassone #1-20
Condition: 1938 DEFINITIVE 20 values MINT HINGED NICE SET
Description: SCOTT 1-20 *** SASSONE 220 euros
Price: $118.00
Item Id #009907    See Details...
1938 AUGUSTUS SET 6 values MINT HINGED VERY FINE
Country: A.O.I. ITALIAN EAST AFRICA
Catalog #: Sassone #21-26
Condition: 1938 AUGUSTUS SET 6 values MINT HINGED VERY FINE
Description: SCOTT 21-6 ** SASSONE 8 euros
Price: $4.90
Item Id #009908    See Details...
1938 AUGUSTUS SET 6 values USED VERY FINE
Country: A.O.I. ITALIAN EAST AFRICA
Catalog #: Sassone #21-26
Condition: 1938 AUGUSTUS SET 6 values USED VERY FINE
Description: SCOTT 21-6 ** SASSONE 20 euros
Price: $9.90
Item Id #009909    See Details...
1940 FIRST OVERSEAS EXPO SET MINT HINGED VERY FINE
Country: A.O.I. ITALIAN EAST AFRICA
Catalog #: Sassone #27-33
Condition: 1940 FIRST OVERSEAS EXPO SET MINT HINGED VERY FINE
Description: SASSONE 14 euros
Price: $7.80
Item Id #009904    See Details...
1940 FIRST OVERSEAS EXPO SET + AIRMAIL MINT HINGED VERY FINE
Country: A.O.I. ITALIAN EAST AFRICA
Catalog #: Sassone #27-33-A16-19
Condition: 1940 FIRST OVERSEAS EXPO SET + AIRMAIL MINT HINGED VERY FINE
Description: SASSONE 26 euros
Price: $18.90
Item Id #009905    See Details...
1938, Air Mail Definitive Series, 11 values set, mint hinged
Country: ITALIAN EAST AFRICA
Catalog #: Sassone #AEREA-1-11
Condition: 1938, Air Mail Definitive Series, 11 values set, mint hinged
Description: FROM DR. MIGLIAVACCA'S CERTIFICATE --- ITALIAN EAST AFRICA — AFRICA ORIENTALE ITALIANA — February-April 1938, Air Mail Definitive Series, 11 values set, mint hinged, original gum (Sassone Catalogue A1-A11; Scott C1-C11) I have examined the above captioned postage stamps which are photographically reproduced* here. In my opinion, these postage stamps are genuine in all respects and in fine condition. I signed the verso of the two key values (50c and 5 Lire) with my initials — "GM" - in pencil ——— This certificate is printed on acid-free High Security paper with features that may partially show if photocopied or scanned, including microprint, watermark, hidden pantograph, erasure protection etc.
Price: $115.00
Item Id #010252    See Details...
1938 AIR MAIL SET 11 VALUES MINT HINGED MOSTLY VERY FINE
Country: A.O.I. ITALIAN EAST AFRICA
Catalog #: Sassone #AEREA-1-11
Condition: 1938 AIR MAIL SET 11 VALUES MINT HINGED MOSTLY VERY FINE
Description: CENTERING MOSTLY VERY FINE, ONLY TWO VALUES CENTERING FINE BUT THIS IS ABOVE AVERAGE ON ALL COUNTS * A NICE SET * SCOTT C1-C11 MINT HINGED * SASSONE 225 euros
Price: $115.00
Item Id #009906    See Details...
1 LIRA HITLER MUSSOLINI UNISSUED TYPE MINT HINGED
Country: A.O.I. ITALIAN EAST AFRICA
Catalog #: Sassone #AEREA-20
Condition: 1 LIRA HITLER MUSSOLINI UNISSUED TYPE MINT HINGED
Description: SCOTT C18 *** SASSONE 180 euros
Price: $89.00
Item Id #009902    See Details...
1 LIRA HITLER MUSSOLINI UNISSUED TYPE MINT HINGED
Country: A.O.I. ITALIAN EAST AFRICA
Catalog #: Sassone #AEREA-20
Condition: 1 LIRA HITLER MUSSOLINI UNISSUED TYPE MINT HINGED
Description: SCOTT C18 *** SASSONE 180 euros
Price: $89.00
Item Id #009903    See Details...
1  LIRA AIRMAIL HITLER MUSSOLINI MINT NEVER HINGED VERY FINE
Country: A.O.I. ITALIAN EAST AFRICA
Catalog #: Sassone #AEREA-21
Condition: 1 LIRA AIRMAIL HITLER MUSSOLINI MINT NEVER HINGED VERY FINE
Description: SCOTT C19 *** SASSONE 35 euros
Price: $21.00
Item Id #009898    See Details...
1  LIRA AIRMAIL HITLER MUSSOLINI MINT HINGED VERY FINE
Country: A.O.I. ITALIAN EAST AFRICA
Catalog #: Sassone #AEREA-21
Condition: 1 LIRA AIRMAIL HITLER MUSSOLINI MINT HINGED VERY FINE
Description: SCOTT C19 *** SASSONE 14 euros
Price: $9.90
Item Id #009899    See Details...
1938 AIR MAIL 25 CENT FINE USED
Country: A.O.I. ITALIAN EAST AFRICA
Catalog #: Scott #AIR 1
Condition: 1938 AIR MAIL 25 CENT FINE USED
Description: SASSONE 6 Euros *********** VERY IMPORTANT: The stamp pictured here is an example of the quality available. We will ship a stamp of equivalent quality or possibly better, NOT NECESSARILY THIS ONE.
Price: $3.00     Sale Price! $1.85
Item Id #011789    See Details...
1938 AIR MAIL 3 LIRE FINE USED
Country: A.O.I. ITALIAN EAST AFRICA
Catalog #: Scott #AIR 1
Condition: 1938 AIR MAIL 3 LIRE FINE USED
Description: SASSONE 8 Euros *********** VERY IMPORTANT: The stamp pictured here is an example of the quality available. We will ship a stamp of equivalent quality or possibly better, NOT NECESSARILY THIS ONE.
Price: $4.00     Sale Price! $2.80
Item Id #011790    See Details...
1938 AIR MAIL 75 CENT FINE USED
Country: A.O.I. ITALIAN EAST AFRICA
Catalog #: Scott #AIR 4
Condition: 1938 AIR MAIL 75 CENT FINE USED
Price: $1.40
Item Id #011788    See Details...
ITALIAN EAST AFRICA AIR MAIL 5 LIRE FINE USED
Country: ITALIAN EAST AFRICA
Catalog #: Sassone #AIR 9
Condition: 5 LIRE AIRMAIL USED SASS A 9
Description: A.O.I. ITALIAN EAST AFRICA AIR MAIL 5 LIRE FINE USED SASSONE A 9 45 EUROS
Price: $19.00     Sale Price! $17.00
Item Id #011784    See Details...
ITALIAN EAST AFRICA AIR MAIL 5 LIRE FINE USED
Country: ITALIAN EAST AFRICA
Catalog #: Sassone #AIR 9
Condition: 5 LIRE AIRMAIL USED SASS A 9
Description: A.O.I. ITALIAN EAST AFRICA AIR MAIL 5 LIRE FINE USED SASSONE A 9 45 EUROS
Price: $19.00     Sale Price! $15.00
Item Id #011785    See Details...
ITALIAN EAST AFRICA AIR MAIL 5 LIRE FINE USED
Country: ITALIAN EAST AFRICA
Catalog #: Sassone #AIR 9
Condition: 5 LIRE AIRMAIL USED SASS A 9
Description: A.O.I. ITALIAN EAST AFRICA AIR MAIL 5 LIRE FINE USED SASSONE A 9 45 EUROS
Price: $19.00     Sale Price! $15.00
Item Id #011786    See Details...
ITALIAN EAST AFRICA AIR MAIL 5 LIRE FINE USED
Country: ITALIAN EAST AFRICA
Catalog #: Sassone #AIR 9
Condition: 5 LIRE 1938 AIRMAIL USED SASS A 9
Description: A.O.I. ITALIAN EAST AFRICA AIR MAIL 5 LIRE FINE USED SASSONE A 9 45 EUROS
Price: $21.00     Sale Price! $18.00
Item Id #011787    See Details...
ITALIAN EAST AFRICA AIR MAIL 5 LIRE FINE USED SASSONE A 9 30 EUROS
Country: ITALIAN EAST AFRICA
Catalog #: Sassone #AIR 9
Condition: 5 LIRE AIRMAIL USED SASS A 9
Description: A.O.I. ITALIAN EAST AFRICA AIR MAIL 5 LIRE FINE USED SASSONE A 9 45 EUROS
Price: $19.00     Sale Price! $16.00
Item Id #000592    See Details...
1942 AUTHORIZED DELIVERY 10c MINT NEVER HINGED FINE
Country: A.O.I. ITALIAN EAST AFRICA
Catalog #: Sassone #RECAPITO1
Condition: 1942 AUTHORIZED DELIVERY 10c MINT NEVER HINGED FINE
Description: SASSONE 12.50 EUROS
Price: $9.90
Item Id #003825    See Details...
1942 POSTAGE DUES SASSONE Tasse 14-24 Mint Hinged
Country: A.O.I. ITALIAN EAST AFRICA
Catalog #: Sassone #TASSE14-24
Condition: 1942 POSTAGE DUES SASSONE Tasse 14-24 Mint Hinged
Description: AFRICA ORIENTALE ITALIANA 1942 VERY FINE, FRESH COLOR, MINT HINGED ~~~ 24 Euros SASSONE SEGNATASSE 14-24 complete set
Price: $18.00
Item Id #009277    See Details...